MİLAS HISTORICAL PLACES
The ancient city of Labraunda:Located in Kocayayla (14 km) north of Milas, Labranda is one of the ancient cities established as a sacred area on the mountains, crossing the Karials. The first information about Labraunda comes from the hereditary historian Heredot. Labraunda is a very important worship center for the Karialis who lived in southwestern Anatolia. It is believed that the origin of the Zeus Labraundos “double ax” cult was based on a large rock just above the water supply and the temple terrace. The earliest and oldest finds in the sacred area of Zeus Labraundos, begins with Mylasa (Milas) and ends with reaching the stone road called “Sacred Way” which is belongs to the 5th century. Karia Satrapi Moussollos (377-354 BC) and his brother Idrieus (351-344 BC), who gave the city the most brilliant period of the fourth century; They used Labraunda as a family sanctuary and they traditionally celebrated religious holidays in the last five days each year in the sanctuary. Moussollos, who survived an assassination in 355 BC initiated a major reconstruction activity in the city and built a number of monumental buildings, including the Temple of Zeus. In the Hellenistic period (3rd and 1st century AD) only a fountain structure was built; in the 1st and 2nd century AD J.-C, the North Stoa was rebuilt and some buildings were added with 2 hammam buildings. In the 4th century AD J.-C, a Byzantine church was built near Eastern Propylon, following the acceptance of Christianity of local people. Again, because of the great fire that took place in the 4th century AD. J.-C, the shrine has ceased to be a place of worship. Today, the remains of the 8 meters of the sacred road have been preserved in several places extending to Milas.
The Fortress Of Beçin
On the edge of the plain of Milas and 200m high, the castle of the city of Beçin is built on a flat plate of a rock. The remains found on the steep slope and the north feet of the castle are known from the geometric period. The tombs of the Hellenistic period found in the salvage excavations of the Milas Museum were used as a necropolis in antiquity.In 2007, a Bronze Age children’s grave was discovered in the open pit to plant the flag north of the castle. The funeral gift and the little finds in the ground tell us about this place used av. J.C 3000. It turns out to be used in thousands.In the 17th century, during the visit of Evliya Çelebi, Beçin was a city linked to Milas composed of 20 houses in the castle. There were using it as a prison with 20 guards. The entrance to the fortress is defended by a large tower and two consecutive walls partially demolished.The secret stairway down to the cave in the western part of the castle is also blocked today. At the end of the 13th century, the city of Beçin, which belonged to the Menteşe Beyleri, was probably a small village in this history.The small dimensions of the Byzantine chapel, which is included in the city today, support this topic. In fact, the famous Arab traveler Ibn Batuta who visited the city in 1330 says that Beçin is “a city with new buildings and newly established masjids”. Menteşoğulları, who captured the area, built Milas as capital, but moved the government center to Beçin because it was easier to defend in the early 14th century. Beçin was the domain of Tacettin Ahmet Gazi. After the death of this person in 1391, Yildirim Beyazit moved to the Balat government center (Miletus) after joining the Ottoman lands.
The Temple Zeus Karios
The temple of Zeus Karios in Mugla Milas is on the hill east of the Hisarbaşı district. It is a podium of 3.5 meters high. It consists of a single column and it’s named Uzunyuva. The temple has mythological traces and it is one of the historical works of Mugla. It is possessig the name of Zeus who is the greatest god of Olympus.You can visit the temple of Zeus Karios while you relax in Muğla which is a holiday city
The Gümüşkesen monument in Muğla-Milas has a very high visitor potential with a wonderful workmanship of stone.
It is an imitation of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The builder of the Gümüşkesen monument is unknown, but it is believed to belong to a noble family living at that time. It was built in the 2nd century before J.C. and it consists of three parts.
The upper floor is a pyramidal roof, the second floor is peristyle and the lower floor is the burial chamber where you can see herbal and geometric reliefs. In our days, the monument of Gümüşkesen welcomes its visitors with appreciation
Open Air Museum Of Iasos Market
Mugla, which is one of the most popular cities for summer tourism and holidays, gives much more than what is desired with its natural beauties as well as its historical relics.
The open-air fish market museum in the ancient city of Iasos de Milas has been dominated by several people like; The Selevs, the Alinda Beyi Olympikhos, the King of Macedonia Philip 5th in the year of 201 before J.-C., lll. Antiohos in 219 before J.-C and the Romans. Among the important remains of the ancient city there is; castle, theater, army and fish market. Today, the fish market has become an open-air museum.